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1022 - Circle in Square
 PDF (English) Statistics Forum
 Time Limit: 0.5 second(s) Memory Limit: 32 MB

A circle is placed perfectly into a square. The term perfectly placed means that each side of the square is touched by the circle, but the circle doesn't have any overlapping part with the square. See the picture below.

Now you are given the radius of the circle. You have to find the area of the shaded region (blue part). Assume that pi = 2 * acos (0.0) (acos means cos inverse).

# Input

Input starts with an integer T (≤ 1000), denoting the number of test cases.

Each case contains a floating point number r (0 < r ≤ 1000) denoting the radius of the circle. And you can assume that r contains at most four digits after the decimal point.

# Output

For each case, print the case number and the shaded area rounded to two places after the decimal point.

3

20

30.091

87.0921

Case 1: 343.36

Case 2: 777.26

Case 3: 6511.05

# Note

This problem doesn't have special judge. So, be careful about precision problems. Better to add a small value to your result to avoid precision problems. For example, add 10-9 to your result.

Problem Setter: Jane Alam Jan
 Developed and Maintained by JANE ALAM JAN Copyright © 2012 LightOJ, Jane Alam Jan