Server Time: Sun Oct 25, 2020 10:57 am
 Welcome ( logout )
E - Collecting Gold
 PDF (English) Ranklist
 Time Limit: 2 second(s) Memory Limit: 32 MB

Finally you found the city of Gold. As you are fond of gold, you start collecting them. But there are so much gold that you are getting tired collecting them.

So, you want to find the minimum effort to collect all the gold.

You can describe the city as a 2D grid, where your initial position is marked by an 'x'. An empty place will be denoted by a '.'. And the cells which contain gold will be denoted by 'g'. In each move you can go to all 8 adjacent places inside the city.

# Input

Input starts with an integer T (≤ 100), denoting the number of test cases.

Each case will start with a blank line and two integers, m and n (0 < m, n < 20) denoting the row and columns of the city respectively. Each of the next m lines will contain n characters describing the city. There will be exactly one 'x' in the city and at most 15 gold positions.

# Output

For each case of input you have to print the case number and the minimum steps you have to take to collect all the gold and go back to 'x'.

# Output for Sample Input

2

5 5

x....

g....

g....

.....

g....

5 5

x....

g....

g....

.....

.....

Case 1: 8

Case 2: 4

Problem Setter: Jane Alam Jan
 Developed and Maintained by JANE ALAM JAN Copyright © 2012 LightOJ, Jane Alam Jan